Set during the Trojan War, the ten-year siege of the city of Troy (Ilium) by a coalition of Greek states, it tells of the battles and events during the... Leonidas I ("son of the lion") was a warrior king of the Greek city-state of Sparta, and the 17th of the Agiad line; a dynasty which claimed descent from the mythological demigod Heracles and Cadmus. Then, after 10 years of privations for the sake of the war, the Trojans brought out their equivalent of champagne. Her beauty caused Apollo to grant her the gift of prophecy. Discussed in more detail in connection with Odysseus--who was one of the leaders of the Greek (Achaean) side of the Trojan War--is the importance of hospitality in the ancient world. Odysseus soon devised a way to end the Trojan War--the erection of a giant wooden horse filled with Achaean men to be left at the gates of Troy. Ajax, who thought the armor should have been his, went mad with rage, tried to kill his fellow countrymen, and killed himself with the sword which he had received from his belt-exchange with Hector. This plague may have been bubonic since it was connected with the mouse-aspect of Apollo. When the Greek leader refused to return the priestess to her father, a plague struck the Achaeans. To appease Artemis, Agamemnon had to sacrifice his own daughter Iphigenia. Besides his dalliance with Helen of Troy and slaying of Achilles, Paris had shot and killed a number of Achaeans. Agamemnon got his comeuppance at the hand of his wife Clytemnestra and her lover, Agamemnon's cousin Aegisthus. The Achaeans then torched Troy, killing the men and taking the women prisoner. In History. Philoctetes then shot one of Hercules' arrows at Paris. 1,194 BCE. Eventually, a seer named Calchas deduced the problem: The virgin huntress and goddess, Artemis, had been offended by a boast Agamemnon had made about his own hunting skills. The Greek troops heading for Troy, under the lead of Agamemnon, waited at Aulis for a wind that just wouldn't come. Only then would the winds come to fill their sails and let them set off from Aulis to Troy. After the death of Achilles, Calchas uttered yet another prophecy. The Iron Age is the period generally occurring after the Bronze Age, marked by the prevalent use of iron. Achilles had a dear friend and companion at Troy named Patroclus. Historians have traditionally divided the war into three phases. Days later, Priam, Hector's aged father and the king of Troy, persuaded Achilles to stop abusing the body and return it for proper burial. All the gods of Olympus attended the wedding, but Eris, goddess of discord, was not invited. In return for Paris' judgment, Aphrodite promised Paris the most beautiful woman in the world, Helen. Gill is a Latinist, writer, and teacher of ancient history and Latin. Patroclus presented an alternative. Her name was Chryseis. He had even fought one-on-one with Menelaus. Trojan War, legendary conflict between the early Greeks and the people of Troy in western Anatolia, dated by later Greek authors to the 12th or 13th century bce. It was in its tenth year when the climactic and most dramatic events finally took place. 1,194 BCE. Calchas, the seer, summoned once again, augured that health would be restored only when the priestess was returned. "The Iliad" relates a part of the last year of the siege of Troy, while the Odyssey describes the journey home of Odysseus, one of the Achaean leaders. Paris is said to have hit that one spot with his arrow, but Paris wasn't that good a marksman. Patroclus tried to persuade Achilles to fight because Achilles was so capable a warrior that he could turn the tide of battle. He could only have hit it with divine guidance--in this case, with the help of Apollo. According to ancient, non-eye-witness reports, a conflict among the goddesses started the Trojan War.