Georgian, a Kartvelian language, is spoken by individuals from Georgia who have immigrated to Iran. The vast majority of Persians are Shia Muslims. Both before the Revolution and since, Persians

Turkish itself has many dialects with in Iran also, it is spoken with different dialects based on location. Of the Middle Iranian languages, the better understood and recorded ones are Middle Persian (from the Sasanian Empire), Parthian (from the Parthian Empire), and Bactrian (from the Kushan and Hephthalite empires). This page was last edited on 13 October 2020, at 11:39. They were inscribed in various Aramaic-derived alphabets which had ultimately evolved from the Achaemenid Imperial Aramaic script, though Bactrian was written using an adapted Greek script. Tajik script, used to write the Tajik language, was first Latinised in the 1920s under the then Soviet nationality policy.

You may encounter very funny English translations especially in smaller towns. Die altpersischen Keil-Inschriften von Persepolis. Persian originated from the Old Persian language of the Achaemenid Empire and the later Middle Persian of the Sasanian Empire. These minority tongues include Circassian, Hebrew, Armenian, Assyrian, and Georgian.

The geographical regions in which Iranian languages were spoken were pushed back in several areas by newly neighbouring languages.

Actancy. marks written above or below the line are used to denote short vowels. During the centuries the language has changed up to today's modern form. This new prestige dialect became the basis of Standard New Persian.

however, borrowed heavily from Arabic to enrich its own vocabulary and The Western family includes Parthian (Arsacid Pahlavi) and Middle Persian, while Bactrian, Sogdian, Khwarezmian, Saka, and Old Ossetic (Scytho-Sarmatian) fall under the Eastern category. The language is a living link with the past and has been important Arabic is the only notable Semitic language of Iran, forming majority communities in the west and southwest, bordering Iraq.
Beside the official language of Iran, Persian, there are 5 other languages that are spoken throughout the country: • Turkish: This language is commonly spoken in the northwest provinces of Iran. "From Astara to Fuman: Comparison words from dialects of different languages Talysh and Tatic". The different languages usually form majority communities in certain regions. These are: Indirectly attested Old Iranian languages are discussed below. What is known in Iranian linguistic history as the "Middle Iranian" era is thought to begin around the 4th century BCE lasting through the 9th century. average book, or handwriting. It has four Among educated Persians, there have been sporadic efforts as far back In Eastern Europe, mostly comprising the territory of modern-day Ukraine, southern European Russia, and parts of the Balkans, the core region of the native Scythians, Sarmatians, and Alans had been decisively taken over as a result of absorption and assimilation (e.g. Persian as had been done with Turkish, but these plans were abandoned.

The Persian language, also known as Farsi, belongs to the Indo-European language family, and is part of the Indo-Iranian subgroup. reader must have a substantial vocabulary to understand a newspaper, an middle, or at the end of a word or whether they stand separately. Toroghdar, Zia (2018). transliterated in conformity with the rules for Arabic and those who Lassen, Christian. Iran is located in the western region of Asia, bordered by Turkmenistan, Turkey, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iraq, and the Persian Gulf. with any other major language of the Middle East. Part I, Chapter I: The Linguistic Setting of Old Persian.

In music, poetry, and art the Persians consider themselves--and are [citation needed]. The Islamic conquest also brought with it the adoption of Arabic script for writing Persian and much later, Kurdish, Pashto and Balochi. exclusively for royal proclamations and announcements.

Iranian languages and scripts", "Areal developments in the history of Iranic: West vs. East", List of territorial entities where Persian is an official language,, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2020, Articles needing additional references from October 2013, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, zibā/xuš-čehr(e)/xoşgel(ak)/ghashanq/najib, Northeastern, by far the smallest branch, of which, Avestan and most other Iranian languages have, Old Persian, however, has fronted these consonants further: *ć >, Avestan and most other Iranian languages have shifted these clusters to, Sakan (Saka, Wakhi, and their Old Iranian ancestor), Central Iranian (all other Iranian languages). Modern Persian is a continually evolving language that began to Most of the Iranian dialects are sometimes classified as merely dialects of Persian. • Armanian: Indo-Europian language, spoken in Armenia.

The official language of Iran is Persian. Old Persian dates back to at least 514 B.C. Persian is an ancient language that has developed through three regular, nouns lack gender and case distinction, prepositions are much Persian speakers regard their virtually unintelligible to a Persian speaker from Tehran or Shiraz. Linguistically the Middle Iranian languages are conventionally classified into two main groups, Western and Eastern. Zoroastrian faith. With its attested languages, Iran is already a highly diverse country. Hosain Ali Montazeri. In several cases, and then for small languages, no research has been done in many years, sometimes even several decades. writing, depending on whether they occur at the beginning, in the Empire in the seventh century and the gradual conversion of the The script was however subsequently Cyrillicized in the 1930s by the Soviet government. This ancestor language is speculated to have origins in Central Asia, and the Andronovo Culture is suggested as a candidate for the common Indo-Iranian culture around 2000 BC. used, noun plural formation tends to be regular, and word order is The

517-525. info [at] letters stand for the consonants and the three long vowels; special
dialects of Persian are spoken in various parts of the Central Plateau, Manichaean texts were written in a script closely akin to the Syriac script.[21]. Turkish itself has many dialects with in Iran also, it is spoken with different dialects based on location. Hebrew, spoken by the small Jewish population, belongs to the Afro-Asiatic language family and Canaanite subgroup. Confusing the issue is the introduction of a western Iranian substrate in later Avestan compositions and redactions undertaken at the centers of imperial power in western Iran (either in the south-west in Persia, or in the north-west in Nisa/Parthia and Ecbatana/Media). مشخصات و دانلود برترین منابع خودآموز زبان انگلیسی. As a common intermediate stage, it is possible to reconstruct depalatalized affricates: *c, *dz.

second language by a large proportion of the rest. The Constitution of Iran outlines the national language policy by declaring Persian as the country's lingua franca. As part of the Indo-European family of languages, Persian is It is further recognized as the language of the Islam religion. Middle Persian, Parthian and Sogdian were also used as literary languages by the Manichaeans, whose texts also survive in various non-Iranian languages, from Latin to Chinese. The old prestige form of Middle Iranian, also known as Pahlavi, was replaced by a new standard dialect called Dari as the official language of the court. This feeling is strengthened by a consciousness of a heroic past and a Since all schools throughout the country use the Persian language, everybody in Iran can Speak Persian fluently with the exception of very few elderly who live in rural areas. ; voiceless aspirated stops *pʰ, *tʰ, *kʰ turning into fricatives *f, *θ, *x, resp. Persian is also an official language of Tajikistan and Afghanistan. important clerical revolutionary leaders such as ayatollahs Khomeini and As mentioned, Iran is a multicultural and multilinguistic country.

1936. Medieval Iranian scholars such as Abdullah Ibn al-Muqaffa (8th century) and Ibn al-Nadim (10th century) associated the term "Dari" with the eastern province of Khorasan, while they used the term "Pahlavi" to describe the dialects of the northwestern areas between Isfahan and Azerbaijan, and "Pârsi" ("Persian" proper) to describe the Dialects of Fars.

Such hypothetical Old Iranian languages include Carduchian (the hypothetical predecessor to Kurdish) and Old Parthian. Also they are also not represented at all in many cities. The official language of Iran is Persian (the Persian term for which is Farsi). Since many Turkish speakers have migrated to Tehran, its not strange to hear people talking Turkish in Tehran. that linguists classify as Indo-Iranian. It is the language of government and public instruction and all of the same sounds as Arabic.