The birth rate increased in the 1980s to a level over 20 per 1,000, primarily as a result of a marked rise in marriages and first births. ", Long-Term Effects of the One-Child Policy, Top 25 Most Populous Countries in the World, Predicting the 20 Most Populous Countries in 2050, Current World Population and Future Projections, The Top Countries for Biotech Firms and Research, M.A., Geography, California State University - Northridge, B.A., Geography, University of California - Davis. By the end of 2014, 54.7% of the total population lived in urban areas, a rate that rose from 26% in 1990.
, The People's Republic of China conducted censuses in 1953, 1964, 1982, 1990, 2000, and 2010. and south of the northern steppe. Previously, there had been no accurate information on these 21% of the Earth's inhabitants. Broadly speaking, the population was concentrated east of the mountains[which?] Even if only half of that increase was migration, the volume of rural-urban migration in such a short period is likely the largest in human history. Economic reforms initiated in the late 1970s fundamentally altered methods of providing health care; the collective medical care system has been gradually replaced by a more individual-oriented approach. James Liang, an economics professor at Peking University, stated that the apparent birth peak was in 2016, and predicted that birth rates will continue to fall dramatically and that the birthrate will not be higher than 2018 for at least 100 years..
", "Historical and Contemporary Exam-driven Education Fever in China", "Why China is letting 'Django Unchained' slip through its censorship regime", "What is the world's favourite holiday destination?  In general, rural-urban migrant workers are most excluded from local educational resources, citywide social welfare programs and many jobs because of their lack of hukou status. Country comparison to the world: 101st, -0.4 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.) , Total fertility rate by ethnic group (2010 census): Han (1.14), Zhuang (1.59), Hui (1.48), Manchu (1.18), Uyghur (2.04), Miao (1.82), Yi (1.82), Tujia (1.74), Tibetan (1.60), Mongols (1.26). The most densely populated areas included the Yangtze River Valley (of which the delta region was the most populous), Sichuan Basin, North China Plain, Pearl River Delta, and the industrial area around the city of Shenyang in the northeast. In the mid-1970s the maximum recommended family size was two children in cities and three or four in the country. China is the most populated country in the world and its national population density (137/km2) is very similar to those of countries like Denmark (excluding Greenland) or the Czech Republic. China's 2017 fertility rate is estimated to be 1.6, which means that, on average, each woman gives birth to 1.6 children throughout her life. Initially people settled in the immediate vicinity of the valley. China, officially the People's Republic of China, is the largest country in the world today.In January 2013, the Chinese Government released data confirming that the population of China was an impressive 1,354,040,000, although this does not include Taiwan, Hong Kong and Macau.As of September 2013, that number had grown even further to 1,360,720,000. Census data obtained in 2000 revealed that 119 boys were born for every 100 girls, and among China's "floating population" the ratio was as high as 128:100. Information was also gathered on minority ethnic groups, urban population, and marital status. Portrait of the Political Culture of China's Most Populated Province", "Multiple-Perspective Analysis on the Geological Distribution of Christians in China", "Study on Current Muslim Population in China", "The Present Situation and Characteristics of Contemporary Islam in China", "Internazional Religious Freedom Report 2012", "Study on the Protection of the Lama Temple Heritage in Inner Mongolia as a Cultural Landscape", "People's Republic of China: Religions and Churches Statistical Overview 2011", "Statistics on Religions and Churches in the People's Republic of China – Update for the Year 2016", "Religion in China on the Eve of the 2008 Beijing Olympics", "A Solo, a Duet, or an Ensemble? The sudden abundance of demographic data helped population specialists immeasurably in their efforts to estimate world population. Like previous programs of the 1960s and 1970s, the one-child policy employed a combination of public education, social pressure, and in some cases coercion. ; China 2020 population is estimated at 1,439,323,776 people at mid year according to UN data.
In Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, portions are completely uninhabited, and only a few sections have populations denser than ten people per km2.