[273][274] In 2009–10, an annual target of 45,000–50,000 permanent residence approvals was set by the New Zealand Immigration Service—more than one new migrant for every 100 New Zealand residents. Rugby player Wayne Shelford got his scrotum ripped open mid-game in a bad tackle. The first European visitor to New Zealand, Dutch explorer Abel Tasman, named the islands Staten Land, believing they were part of the Staten Landt that Jacob Le Maire had sighted off the southern end of South America. 28. New Zealand is the only country with the right to put Hobbit-related images on its currency. [175][176] The number of fungi recorded from New Zealand, including lichen-forming species, is not known, nor is the proportion of those fungi which are endemic, but one estimate suggests there are about 2,300 species of lichen-forming fungi in New Zealand[175] and 40% of these are endemic. [75], The New Zealand Parliament holds legislative power and consists of the queen and the House of Representatives. Tell us what you want – travel dates, trip length & tour interests – then we’ll design your perfect travel package to New Zealand, Australia or the South Pacific. Geothermal power is also a significant generator of electricity, with several large stations located across the Taupo Volcanic Zone in the North Island. Reflecting this, New Zealand's culture is mainly derived from Māori and early British settlers, with recent broadening arising from increased immigration. The southern and southwestern parts of the South Island have a cooler and cloudier climate, with around 1,400–1,600 hours; the northern and northeastern parts of the South Island are the sunniest areas of the country and receive about 2,400–2,500 hours. He also discovered (and named) the proton. New Zealand has three official languages: English, Māori and New Zealand Sign Language. [88] Judges and judicial officers are appointed non-politically and under strict rules regarding tenure to help maintain judicial independence. The filming of these movies pumped around $200 million into the country's economy. Curious? [281], After the Second World War, Māori were discouraged from speaking their own language (te reo Māori) in schools and workplaces and it existed as a community language only in a few remote areas. Vacation planning? [336][337] Pipe bands became widespread during the early 20th century. In 1840, representatives of the United Kingdom and Māori chiefs signed the Treaty of Waitangi, which declared British sovereignty over the islands. Panoramic view of Christchurch and Lyttelton Harbour, New Zealand. [107] New Zealand is involved in the Pacific Islands Forum, the Pacific Community, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations Regional Forum (including the East Asia Summit). In 2008, Henry the tuatara became a father for the first time at the age of 111. 34. The Southern Alps stretch for 500 kilometres down the South Island. Captain Cook's Voyages: Captain James Cook sailed around New Zealand on three separate voyages, the first in 1769. South Island cities are warmest in January. The capital city is Wellington and the largest urban area Auckland; both are located on the North Island. Posted in Driving and Monitoring on February 11, 2018 by boybitz. [278], English is the predominant language in New Zealand, spoken by 95.4% of the population. Trewick SA, Morgan-Richards M. 2014. [61] The depression led to the election of the First Labour Government and the establishment of a comprehensive welfare state and a protectionist economy. [85] She is the country's third female prime minister. 32. Local government and external territories. 5. Chapter 1, Discovery and Settlement", "Place names – Naming the country and the main islands", "Names of NZ's two main islands formalised", "High-precision radiocarbon dating shows recent and rapid initial human colonization of East Polynesia", "Testing migration patterns and estimating founding population size in Polynesia by using human mtDNA sequences", Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, "Dating the late prehistoric dispersal of Polynesians to New Zealand using the commensal Pacific rat", "High-precision dating and ancient DNA profiling of moa (Aves: Dinornithiformes) eggshell documents a complex feature at Wairau Bar and refines the chronology of New Zealand settlement by Polynesians", "Mass Migration and the Polynesian Settlement of New Zealand", "Genealogies as a basis for Maori chronology", "The Peopling of the Pacific from a Bacterial Perspective", "Food, warfare and the impact of Atlantic capitalism in Aotearo/New Zealand", "Government and nation – The origins of nationhood", "British immigration and the New Zealand Company", "Crown colony era – the Governor-General", "New Zealand's 19th-century wars – overview", "Government and nation – The constitution", "Strategy and Trade Union Effectiveness in a Neo-liberal Environment", "Economic history – Interwar years and the great depression", "Strikes and labour disputes – Wars, depression and first Labour government", "Economic history – Great boom, 1935–1966", "Te Māori i te ohanga – Māori in the economy – Urbanisation", Report on the Crown's Foreshore and Seabed Policy, "Factsheet – New Zealand – Political Forces", "Replacement of the Royal Prerogative in New Zealand", "Government and nation – System of government", "Reviewing electorate numbers and boundaries", "Jacinda Ardern sworn in as new Prime Minister", "Female political leaders have been smashing glass ceilings for ages", "Fragile States Index Heat Map | Fragile States Index", "Globalisation, Sovereignty, and the Transformation of New Zealand Foreign Policy", "Department Of External Affairs: Security Treaty between Australia, New Zealand and the United States of America", "Sinking the Rainbow Warrior – nuclear-free New Zealand", "Nuclear-free legislation – nuclear-free New Zealand", Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, "Kiwis face hurdles in pursuit of lost funds", "South Pacific economic relations – Aid, remittances and tourism", "Making migration work: Lessons from New Zealand", "Caught between China and the US: The Kiwi place in a newly confrontational world", "New Zealand's Pacific reset: strategic anxieties about rising China", "The future of the Five Power Defence Arrangements", "El Alamein – The North African Campaign", "World War Two: The Battle of Monte Cassino", "Gallipoli stirred new sense of national identity says Clark", "New Zealand Defence Force Overseas Operations", "Alternatives to Amalgamation in Australian Local Government: Lessons from the New Zealand Experience", "Subnational population estimates at 30 June 2010 (boundaries at 1 November 2010)", "Natural environment – Geography and geology", "Sea floor geology – Active plate boundaries", "Bathymetry of the Tonga Trench and Forearc: A Map Series", "Summary of New Zealand climate extremes", National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research, "Frequently asked questions about New Zealand plants", "Commentary on Forest Policy in the Asia-Pacific Region (A Review for Indonesia, Malaysia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Thailand and Western Samoa)", "The Polynesian settlement of New Zealand in relation to environmental and biotic changes", The state of New Zealand’s environment 1997, "Extinctions – New Zealand extinctions since human arrival", "Snails and slugs – Flax snails, giant snails and veined slugs", "Macroevolutionary patterns in Rhynchocephalia: is the tuatara (Sphenodon punctatus) a living fossil?